Batik fabric an explanation on how to make batik is needed especially for those who have not yet know nothing about batik art, so that they can improve the award against it. In view of the batik patterns only or see batik cloth that has been so people will not understand how much work is required to make batik cloth and cannot suspect factors technical and non-technical that cause that in the batik art paper always there are special elements that cause each strand batik cloth can be different from the others even though the pattern and order of colors made exactly the same way. The nucleus of the how to make batik is “closing” , namely covering the fabric or the basic materials that will not given color with the cover material in this case is in the form of candles or usually called “Malam” or in english term is “wax”. Perhaps in the beginning the candle/wax. venous route over on cloth, because it is understood that restore the meaning of the word batik in the tribe of the word “ICT” which means the point or drops. The main material for the technique of making batik now this is white cloth, both the fine or coarse, and candles/wax as a cover material and color substance. quality of white cloth very affect the result of the indonesian batik fabric, in the chapter on the history of batik has been put forward that the softness of white cloth in import from abroad is one for increased high batik art. So the finer the white cloth that is used more and more good results batik process, more clearly visible patterns and distribution of colors. Other materials such as the silk shantung can also be used, but now it is rarely. Juwana Seaport city on the north of the island of Java first famous will be a shawl and silk batik sarongs.The results of the silk batik “exported” to the island of Bali and Sumatra. Unfortunately the lack of silk shantung pure cause loss of handicrafts in the city. If the first used candles/wax bees as the only cover material, then with the existence of industry and oil mining land today many used candles/wax made by factory (paraffine, microwax, etc), good pure or mixed with natural candle. The candle/wax was indeed the right cover material for the technique because it is written on the cloth, lingers during dipped in the liquid color and easy also removed when no longer used. In addition to candles/wax bees or made was also used as another cover material congee glutinous rice, such as on the fabric Simbut West Java.
The candle/wax only cover can be written in liquid form; therefore indoneisan batik artisans must heat up the candles/wax in a small pan that is placed above the fire in a anglo . The temperature of the wax/wax right must not be too hot or too cold. If too hot, candle/wax will be far penetrates deep into the fabric, so then it is difficult to cast, while if there is not enough heat will be too thick so difficult out of the author. Therefore we see batik artisans lift their pan from the fire when he saw that candles/wax already too hot. Candles liquid wax written on the white cloth with a tool that became the sign of unique batik art paper, namely the wax pen called canting cucuk. The wax pen called canting made of bamboo and brass. The handle or the handle made of bamboo while his head is used to take resisted and candles/wax made of copper. The mouth of the wax pen called canting be curved vessels of different size and from the mouth of this fluid melting candles/wax, can be represented by a pen. White cloth attached on a “gawangan bamboo” or timber held with the left hand as a base while the right hand holding the wax pen called canting. Now that is some things about making batik fabric. Hopefully with that knowledge we can better appreciate our traditional batik art.